There's a lot of bad press about index investing lately. Here's why.
Guest post from Robin Powell of The Evidence-Based Investor blog...
We often talk about steering clear of financial news.
The media has conflicting information and biased views.
Not to forget that bad news sells fast.
It's no wonder there are thousands of articles fuelling debate around indexing.
So what's the verdict?
Is indexing good or bad?
Index funds receive a surprising amount of bad press.
Despite making investing easier, cheaper and more efficient for everyone.
Here are seven popular myths about the growing popularity of passive investing.
(They should all be taken with a pinch of salt).
Myth #1: It’s out of control
Only around 20% of global stock is owned by index investors.
Even in the US, where passive’s popularity is greatest…
Active management comfortably remains the default investing style.
In large parts of Europe, Asia and South America, indexing has barely made inroads at all.
Myth #2: It’s inflating the prices of the biggest stocks
This is not how indexing works.
If the price of a stock rises, its weighting in the fund increases automatically.
The fund doesn’t need to keep buying more shares, or indeed sell shares in companies whose stock is falling.
The vast bulk of trading — around 95% of it — is done by active managers.
Myth #3: It’s making markets less efficient
There is more price-setting going on today than there has ever been.
More than eighty million trades are placed every day.
That seems like a pretty efficient market to me.
By forcing the worst performing fund managers out of business, indexing is surely making markets even more efficient?
Myth #4: It’s causing the misallocation of capital
Allocating capital to the most deserving enterprises is an important function of active managers.
But new public offerings account for only a tiny amount of trading.
The vast majority of the time, active managers are simply trading with each other.
Myth #5: It’s undermining corporate governance
Active managers’ record on corporate governance isn’t exactly impressive.
Look at their failure to control excessive boardroom pay, for a start.
Passive managers have no choice but to carry on holding stocks and to work with company management.
They are actually better placed to make a positive difference.
Increasingly, the evidence shows, they are bringing their influence to bear.
Myth #6: It’s going to go badly wrong when a correction comes
One of the most common myths about active managers?
They outperform passive managers when markets fall.
It’s also suggested that indexers will bail out when the long bull market finally ends.
Yet, exactly the opposite happened during the global financial crisis.
In the US, active funds saw outflows of $259 billion in 2008.
Passive funds saw inflows of $205 billion.
In other words…
Passive investors behaved far better than active investors did.
Myth #7: It’s a danger to global capitalism
In 2016, active fund management company Alliance Bernstein, published a paper titled Why Passive Investing is Worse than Marxism.
It received a lot of attention.
But there are two reasons to prove it wrong.
First, indexers believe in the capital markets more than anyone.
They believe markets work and that, over time, they deliver fair returns to those who patiently invest in them.
That hardly makes them Communists.
Secondly, indexing allows consumers to invest in far more stocks, far more efficiently and far more cheaply than ever before.
Surely, if anything, indexing is the very essence of capitalism.
Why the bad publicity?
So, why are these myths about index funds so prominent?
Can we expect them to persist?
Larry Swedroe, the US investment author, summarised it neatly when he recently wrote:
“Proponents of active management will continue to attack passive investing. In almost every case I’ve come across, these attacks not only are without foundation, they also are absurd and easily exposed as such. But that doesn’t stop them. The reason is simple: Passive investing threatens their livelihood.”
Remember, it isn’t just active managers whose livelihoods are threatened by the growth of indexing.
Commission-based financial advisers rely on active managers to pay them a kick-back.
There are still many intermediaries out there with a vested interest in active management.
Stockbrokers and investment consultants are obvious examples.
The bad-mouthing of index funds is set to continue.