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Robin Powell: Hello there. It’s deeply ingrained in the human psyche that taking action is a positive thing. And in many cases it is. But successful investing usually entails the very opposite - in other words, discipline and self-restraint, feeling comfortable with doing nothing. Here’s Barry Ritholtz, one of the most popular investment bloggers in the United States.
Barry Ritholtz: I began as a trader and I sat next to a row of guys and one guy was making a lot of money and the guy next to me wasn't making money. It kind of perplexed me as a newbie, "How can these two guys, how are more or less… it looks like they doing the same thing, you know, moving stuff around on the screen, buying and selling that... This guy is really profitable, this guy isn’t." And so, it started me about 20 years ago researching what was then the nascent field of behavioural economics.
Why peoples psychology works against them, why the way we’re wired, your own wetware works against you in capital markets. And that gradually, over time I became less and less active as an investor. My holding periods became longer and longer and eventually I more or less adapted, I don’t want to say Warren Buffet’s “my holding period is forever”, but you start thinking about in terms of decades, not weeks and months.
Robin Powell: One of the problems we face as investors
Barry Ritholtz: The biggest enemy of an investor is themselves. There is a number of studies that look at investor performance. Not versus a benchmark but versus their own holdings. And most investors underperform their own holdings. Now, why is that?
Well, some guy shows up on TV, his fund is up strong that year, he looks the part, he sounds good, so investors all pile into that. And what happens at that point: The mean reversion begins and after that hot streak comes to an end that fund either goes back to normal returns or worse, it makes up for that strong period. So what did they do? They sell out of the bottom. The ideal time to buy is not when something's had a huge run-up and the guys on the cover of a neutral fund magazine, it’s because I want exposure to that asset class and this is the least expensive and most efficient way to get that exposure.
Robin Powell: Thank you to Barry Ritholtz for that insight, and to you for watching. Goodbye.